What is Biofeedback Therapy? A beginner’s guide

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According to the Mayo Clinic, here are some biofeedback methods and devices.

Brain waves and neurofeedback

With this type of biofeedback, a therapist attaches sensors to your scalp to monitor brain activity using an electroencephalograph (EEG). According to the 2020 Therapeutic advances in urology article mentioned above, this technique is often used to treat children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Respiratory feedback

Breathing bands placed around your abdomen and chest help monitor your breathing patterns. This type of biofeedback may be useful in the treatment of asthma, according to the aforementioned research paper.

Heart rate feedback

This type of biofeedback can involve several approaches: finger or earlobe sensors with a device used to detect changes in blood volume that show your heart rate or heart rate variability (photoplethysmography), or sensors placed on your chest, lower torso or wrists to measure your heart rate using an electrocardiograph (ECG). This can be used for stress management, search found.

Feedback on muscle contraction

Placing sensors on your skeletal muscles with an electromyograph (EMG) can monitor the electrical activity that causes muscle contraction. This type of feedback is often used to help treat urinary and fecal incontinence, and in rehabilitation settings.

activity of sweat glands

With this type, the therapist attaches sensors around your fingers, palm, or wrist with an electrodermograph (EDG) to measure sweat gland activity. This method can help manage stress and anxiety.

Temperature feedback

Attaching sensors to your fingers or feet can measure blood flow to your skin. It can also be used to help people deal with stress and anxiety.

Home devices

If specialist consultation is not possible, there are consumer wearables and home biofeedback devices on the market, such as headbands that monitor your brain activity while you meditate, and sensors worn on the body. wrist monitors that monitor your breathing, although it’s important to note that these devices have varying degrees of accuracy and usefulness.

A portable biofeedback device, RESPE, has been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to help reduce stress and lower blood pressure. Another example is the HeartMath Inner Balance sensor, which monitors heart rate variability.

Devices like these can be an entry point for those who cannot afford biofeedback therapy, as the device can be added as a complementary approach under the direction of your primary healthcare team. . Just be sure to do some research beforehand and, as always, ask your healthcare professional before trying anything new.

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