Healthy eating reduces cardiovascular risk factors

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Washington [US], Sep 21 (ANI): Statistically overweight children who follow a healthy diet dramatically improve their weight and reduce their risk of various cardiovascular diseases. It suggests the findings of a research team led by the Cleveland Clinic.

In this study, published in the Journal of Clinical Pediatrics, parents and children were matched throughout the study.

Obesity currently affects one in five children and adolescents in the United States, according to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Obese children are more likely to have high blood pressure and high cholesterol, which are risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Obesity in adults is associated with an increased risk of certain serious health problems such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes and cancer.

Researchers observed changes in cardiovascular disease risk markers associated with three healthy eating habits in 96 children aged 9 to 18 with a body mass index (BMI) of more than 95% for one year. I’ve studied. BMI is calculated by dividing a person’s weight in kilograms by the square of the height in meters, but for children and adolescents, BMI is specific to age and gender and is often the BMI. age specific. Is called.

The three healthy diets studied were the American Heart Association diet, the Mediterranean diet, and the plant-based diet. All three focused on whole foods, fruits, vegetables and a limited amount of added salt, lean meats, and processed foods. The parent-child couple participated in a weekly four-week educational session. During this session, we selected recommended meals and avoided reading package labels, appropriate amounts, and buying advice.

Fasting blood tests have been used to access biomarkers of cardiovascular risk. All three diets were associated with improvements in body weight, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, and low density lipoprotein.

“This study helps show the importance of starting a healthy diet as young as possible. Cardiovascular disease begins in childhood, and children’s eating habits are more likely to develop than those of adolescents and adults. We know it, ”said lead author Michael McNinn, MD and Professor Emeritus. Cleveland Clinic Learner Medical College Pediatrics.

The American Academy of Pediatrics Nutrition Committee recommends that healthy children over the age of 2 eat a low fat diet (30% of calories from fat). These are the same recommendations for healthy adults. The study averaged 65% at week 4 and 55% at week 52, suggesting that a slight improvement in diet can still be very beneficial.

“The process of heart disease begins in childhood, so prevention should start there,” said Dr. WH Wilson Tang, MD, research author and director of the Heart Failure and Heart Transplant Medicine section at Sydell. and Arnold Miller Family Heart. Cleveland Clinic Vascular Thoracic Laboratory.

“Most heart disease is caused by correctable or controllable risk factors, so it’s important to understand that children are largely responsible for their health,” Tang added. paddy field. (ANI)


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