To address many of the challenges faced in eye care – including inequities in access and lack of integration within the health system – eye care must be an integral part of universal health coverage (UHC): all individuals should receive the health services they need, of sufficient quality, without experiencing financial hardship. The concept of UHC is embraced globally as a key guiding principle for health planning. To this end, Eye Care in Health Systems – A Guide for Action (the Guide) has been developed as a manual for health planners. The Guide describes strategies and approaches proposed by WHO that provide practical, step-by-step support to Member States in planning and implementing integrated person-centred eye care (IPEC). The planning periods covered by the Guide include the short term (annual operational planning) as well as the medium and long term (strategic plans for eye care).
The Guide further describes and links the following four new tools developed by WHO to support country planning:
Eye Care Situation Analysis Tool (ECSAT)
Purpose: Questionnaire-based survey tool to comprehensively assess eye care in a country.
Eye Care Indicator Menu (ECIM)
Purpose: List of recommended eye care indicators to be collected regularly.
Package of Eye Care Interventions (PECI)
Objective: Planning and budgeting for eye care at each level of the health system.
Eye Care Competency Framework (ECCF)
Purpose: Competency-based ophthalmology human resource planning tool.