Cardiologist, Dr. Okoh Basil Ewere shed some light on cardiovascular diseases, which he referred to as “a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels…”
Speaking at a forum in Lagos, Ewere, a doctor at Evercare Hospital, said: “Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death globally. In Nigeria, there are increasing reports of sudden deaths of apparently healthy individuals, either by collapsing or not waking from sleep. Possibilities are the result of a heart attack or stroke.
“This has been attributed to the influence of witches, wizards and ‘village people…
To prevent cardiovascular disease, he recommended lifestyle adjustments and dietary modifications, such as quitting smoking, exercise, diet and healthy eating, alcohol limit, and stress control. , among others, would be helpful. In summary, mortality from heart attack is dramatically high, so prevention and early detection are key.
He added, “The average life expectancy in Nigeria in 2022 is 55.44 years compared to 36.73 years in 1960. So statistically we are living longer now with better health care facilities and probably better nutrition. better balanced than in 1960. with more industrialization brought a sedentary lifestyle, a more western diet and obesity. Thus, creating a paradigm shift from communicable diseases like cholera to non-communicable diseases like hypertension, diabetes and heart attacks.
He said: ‘A heart attack happens when part of the heart muscle doesn’t get enough blood to work. When this persists, it can lead to the death of this muscle. This shortage of blood results from a blockage in the lumen of the vessel. This blockage usually consists of a deposition of fat, also known as arteriosclerosis, and platelets in the lumen, leading to narrowing of the lumen and eventually complete occlusion. This fat deposit did not happen suddenly, but gradually accumulated over time.
He continued, “Fats are naturally and gradually deposited in our arteries as we age. They are part of the normal aging process and are not necessarily harmful. But this process is accelerated by certain risk factors, including hypertension, diabetes, smoking, abnormal cholesterol levels, family history, obesity, physical inactivity and age.
He said heart attacks in the younger generation might not be due to fat deposits but to the use of illicit drugs such as cocaine and others.
When symptoms of a heart attack appear, the sooner the patient goes to the emergency room, the sooner they can receive treatment to reduce any damage to the heart muscle.