6 Tips To Improve The Density Of Your Cannabis Buds

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Buds popping out the size of a popcorn are quite disappointing to see, especially after good germination, a long flowering phase and weeks of veg – not to mention all the hours spent tending to your buds. . Here are some ideas on how to avoid such results and grow buds with admirable density.

1. GENETICS IS THE STARTING POINT

Genetics is an important factor in growing dense buds. There are over a hundred common marijuana cultivars, all of which have slightly different characteristics. Some act as energizers and others have a stoning effect. Some stay low to the ground and bushy, others grow to tall heights. Bud density also differs between strains.

Genetically, there are cultivars wired to give fluffy, airy buds. This does not mean that they are less powerful, although it does affect their appeal. Sativa strains often result in airier buds, while indicas often result in thick, compact buds.

In the quest for the densest flowers, an indica-dominant hybrid or, preferably, a pure indica specimen is the best place to start. There is a large inventory of genetics in India that differ hugely in flowering time, effect and taste.

2. SET TEMPERATURE

Temperature plays a huge role in the size and shape of cannabis buds. The plants can withstand temperatures as hot as 30°C and flower in a moderately wide temperature range i.e. 18-26°C. However, if the temperatures are out of the ideal range due to heat waves or cold snaps, the buds will start to go crazy and get airy.

Planters must ensure that temperatures remain cool enough during the day and warm enough at night. Those who plant indoors have an advantage here, as it is easier to control the climate in grow rooms. It can be made automated using timers and sensors, or simply fans, air conditioners, a hygrometer and heaters.

Outdoor planters have less freedom and remain subject to the elements. Shade cloths are erected around their plants to prevent excess heat.

3. LIGHT SPECTRUM AND INTENSITY ARE IMPORTANT

Probably the most crucial factor in getting dense buds is light. Plants need it to grow, create vital sugars and perform photosynthesis. However, not just any light will do. Plants need the ideal intensity and the correct spectrum of light to produce resinous, plump flowers.

Plants grown outdoors will perform best in full sun for most of the day. 10-12 hours is ideal. To maximize exposure, planters should aim to plant them on slopes that face south. Plants should be spaced so that there is adequate broom between them and not obstruct each other’s light

Those who grow indoors can choose between different types of light. LEDs are among the best. They give off minimal heat, are powerful and are cheap to run, the only downside being the acquisition cost if you opt for high quality panels.

Photo by Christina Winter via Unsplash

Planters should aim for a light intensity of 1000W per square meter. This intensity will be enough to optimize the regular growth of the plant and to produce dense flowers. Growers need to be aware of the position of their lights. Positioning them very far away will decrease the speed of photosynthesis. But, positioning them too close can also decrease bud density and cause heat stress.

If you are using LEDs, place them 60cm above your plants. Bring the light source closer daily. If you begin to retain signs of whitening, gradually raise the light 5cm until symptoms subside.

4. CUT, SHAPE AND CUT

If you leave your plants to their own devices, they tend to grow vertically, producing a main cola. This is not ideal if you plan to increase flower density and yield. Fortunately, various techniques can help improve the appearance and quality of your plants.

One of the most effective techniques for improving the appearance and quality of your plants is low-stress training. This method involves tying the main stem of the plant with garden wire to the side of the container. The side branches then begin to grow vertically, producing a variety of main colas. You can also use high stress techniques like topping to improve bud density and increase branching.

Pruning can also be done to improve flower growth, shape and quality. By removing selected branches and leaves, growers instead focus their energy and resources on the flowers.

5. DON’T HARVEST AT SPEED

We understand that harvest time is exciting! You’ve watched your plant grow from fragile seedlings to flowering beauties for months. Novice growers tend to push the sprouts away from the plant as soon as possible. It’s fascinating, but it’s important to wait for the right moment. The buds grow rapidly during the flowering period and can be thickened by simply waiting a few more days. There are several factors you need to be aware of to know if the timing is right. Use a magnifying glass or jeweler’s loupe to help you see them.

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The harvest indicator is the color of the trichome. These are crystalline structures that cover the surface of resinous buds and leaves. At the start of flowering, the trichomes appear translucent. Eventually it will be cloudy. When most of the trichomes are cloudy, it’s time to harvest.

Growers should also pay attention to the pistil, which is a hair-like structure found in all cannabis flowers. The young pistil is white, but when mature it turns orange-red or brown.

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Photo by Aleksandr_Kravtsov/Getty Images

6. MONITOR NUTRIENTS CAREFULLY

Cannabis needs a wide range of nutrients to grow well, including macronutrients like phosphorus, potassium, and nitrogen, and micronutrients like manganese and zinc. Plants begin to show deficiency symptoms if they do not receive or cannot access enough nutrients. However, excess nutrients can also damage plaque and reduce bud density.

RELATED: Is There Really a Difference Between Cannabis Grown Indoors and Cannabis Grown Indoors? Outside?

Planters should apply nutrients according to product recommendations. Again, play it safe and feed 50% of the recommended amount in the early stages of nutrition. Soil pH should be slightly acidic to avoid deficiencies. Introducing beneficial microorganisms to the soil, such as mycorrhizal fungi, helps plants access the nutrients they need.

Conclusion

With these six tips that have been highlighted above, you should be able to produce the most desirable and densest cannabis buds, and enjoy the fruits of your labor.

This article originally appeared on Cannabis.net and has been republished with permission.

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